1毫克致癌!这东西很多食物里都有

时间:2019-07-16 来源:www.polarizedrx.com

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有些人觉得食物发霉了

只要切掉发霉的部分就行了

没必要全扔了

殊不知,病从口入

你吃进嘴里的

可能还有致癌物

黄曲霉毒素

马上迎来一年中

最潮湿闷热的时候

在这样的环境下

最容易滋生黄曲霉毒素

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1毫克就是致癌剂量!

1993年,黄曲霉毒素就被世界卫生组织(WHO)的癌症研究机构划定为1类致癌物,是一种毒性极强的剧毒物质,1毫克就是致癌剂量

中国医学科学院肿瘤医院肝胆外科主任医师赵建军表示,黄曲霉毒素的危害性在于对人及动物肝脏组织有破坏作用,严重时可导致肝癌甚至死亡。

这些东西藏着黄曲霉毒素!

01

发霉的花生,玉米

发霉的食物,特别是淀粉含量高的食物,如花生,玉米等,淀粉在高温和潮湿的环境下会滋生黄曲霉毒素。

02

没洗干净的筷子和砧板

我们平时使用筷子来吃花生,玉米等淀粉含量高的食物时,筷子缝里最容易藏淀粉,一来二去霉变了,黄曲霉毒素就藏在里面了。所以,吃完饭一定要洗干净筷子!

同样道理,木质砧板如果没有及时清洗干净,上面残留的食物残渣和水分就会成为微生物良好的培养基。

03

XXBitter nuts

Don't be lazy to eat moldy, bitter nuts, be sure to spit it out immediately. Zhang Wei, a member of the Chinese Nutrition Society, said in the July 21, 2014 Health Times Dietary Edition that the bitterness of nuts such as melon seeds is derived from the aflatoxin produced during the mildew process.

04

Inferior sesame paste, self-extracting oil

In order to reduce costs, some merchants use sesame seeds, peanuts and even spoiled sesame seeds and peanuts to make sesame sauce and peanut butter. The spoiled peanuts contain aflatoxin, and the products processed with this raw material can be imagined!

Aflatoxins may also be introduced into oils extracted from moldy peanuts, corn, and the like. Some small workshops have simple presses or household oil presses, lack the process of removing harmful substances, and cannot refine raw materials.

05

Deteriorated rice

Don't think that you can relax your vigilance when you are cooked, and the degraded rice is also prone to aflatoxin! Meng Lina, a national second-level nutritionist and senior food inspector, once said that “there is a long time left for food to be stored”. After 12 hours of storage in the refrigerator, some colonies appeared, and after 48 hours, The stored cold dishes and stir-fried vegetables will have large colonies, accompanied by odor, and heating can not be solved.

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How to stay away from this super carcinogen?

Many people have said that it is not enough to cook food in a hot pot. This is really not the case. Normal cooking temperatures do not destroy aflatoxins because the aflatoxin cleavage temperature is 280 °C. Only when it reaches 280 °C can it be inactivated, and the general cooking methods can not be disinfected. Disinfecting the cupboard is also not good, aflatoxin is resistant to ultraviolet light. The following methods are reliable:

01

Throw away moldy things

xx如果发现花生被破坏,必须扔掉一碗花生或一袋花生。因为黄曲霉毒素以孢子的形式传播,食物容易霉变,房子里的食物残渣的角落应该清洁。

02

先用筷子洗净泡泡

当你洗筷子时,记得泡一下并软化食物残渣,这样就可以很容易地洗去。

03

烹饪前撒盐

中国医学科学院肿瘤医院肝胆外科主任医师赵建军说,将花生油等食用油倒入锅中后,加入少量盐,搅拌10-20秒。基本上消除了大多数食用油中的黄曲霉毒素。因为盐对黄曲霉毒素具有中和和降解作用。

04

多吃绿叶蔬菜

如果你吃的时候多吃绿叶蔬菜,你可以让我们一部分我们不小心吃的黄曲霉毒素,赵建军说,因为叶绿素可以阻止黄曲霉毒素的吸收,从而预防肝癌。

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不要吃发霉的东西

资料来源:健康时报,中国科学,网络

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